Traduce outcrossing. Ver traducciones en inglés y español con pronunciaciones de audio, ejemplos y traducciones palabra por palabra We are looking here at cross-fertilisation (outcrossing), overwintering of seed, soil concentration, resistance, diffusion and dissemination. europarl.europa.eu Se trata de la fertilización cruzada (alofecundación), de la hibernación de las semillas, de la concentración en los suelos, de la resistencia, de la difusión y de la diseminación Revisa las traducciones de 'outcrossing' en español. Consulta los ejemplos de traducción de outcrossing en las frases, escucha la pronunciación y aprende gramática
Translations in context of outcrossing in English-Spanish from Reverso Context: They may assure cross-fertilisation (outcrossing), thereby keeping genetic diversity high Mira ejemplos de outcrossing. Descubre oraciones que usan outcrossing en la vida real Conjugación verbo outcross en inglés, ver modelos de conjugación inglés, verbos irregulares. Definición y traducción en contexto de outcross
Traducción en Español, Sinónimos, Definiciones y Ejemplos de Uso de Palabra en Inglés 'outcrossing' Out-Crossing o Outcrossing, (También denominada Exocruza, Exogamia o Exocría) es el cruce entre dos ejemplares de la misma raza, pero que no comparten ninguna de sus l neas de sangre o parentesco dentro de las tres o cuatro generaciones anteriores.. Resumiendo, es lo opuesto al Inbreeding Saltar al contenido principal.com.mx. Libro 1 to breed (animals or plants of the same breed but different strains) n 2 an animal or plant produced as a result of outcrossing 3 an act of outcrossing Diccionario de inglés definición . Consulte también: outcrop, outclass, outcry, outcast. Añada su entrada.
Traducciones en contexto de outcross en inglés-español de Reverso Context: Differences in the breeding system of plants are responsible whether individual plants will self-fertilize or outcross Enterprise . Get your team aligned with all the tools you need on one secure, reliable video platform Magic can't solve all problems. Maybe love can. Rufus lost his brothers to the Great War and his parents to the Naples Scourge. He's on the verge of losing his New Forest cottage, his ponies, and any chance of a future. Everyone knows his magic is powerful, but no one trusts him,
present participle of outcross··An organism produced by outcrossing Outcrossing Enrollment options This course focuses on the standard breeding methods and theories associated with population improvement of cross-pollinated crops (e.g., corn, alfalfa, sunflowers, and forage grasses) and self-pollinated crops that are forced to cross-pollinate
L'inbreeding et l'outcrossing consanguinité et croisements en élevage de chevaux de course. Volume 1: Nicard-E: Amazon.com.mx: Libro outcrossing (.:1.0%) in bcan landraces frorn NIalarvi. Africa, was a sufllciently strong lorce in preserving the high genetic variability of landraces (Martin and Adams When outcrossing was followed by backcrossing, it had to be repeated (in case of two outcrossed litters at least twice) to have a notable effect. Inbreeding rates below 1% only occurred with continuous outcrossing. The effect of outcrossing is often limited despite the fact that the F1 has an inbreeding level of 0%
Outcrossing rate MLEs for individual families were highly variable, ranging from 0.5 to 1.0 in the parental-like groups and from 0.42-1.00 in the hybrid fraction of each hybrid zone [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 2 OMITTED] Translation for 'outcrossing' in the free English-Swedish dictionary and many other Swedish translations outcrossing. outcrossing: translation. out·cross·ing n a mating of individuals of different strains but usu. of the same breed. Medical dictionary. 2011. outcross; outercourse; Look at other dictionaries Most self-pollinating plants are annuals. According to the 'time-limitation' hypothesis, this association between selfing and the annual life cycle has evolved as a consequence of strong r-selection, involving severe time-limitation for completing the life cycle. Under this model, selection from frequent density-independent mortality in ephemeral habitats minimizes time to flower maturation.
1 INTRODUCTION. The genus Oryza belongs to the grass family and consists of more than 20 wild species and two cultivated species (Khush, 1997; Vaughan, 1994).These rice species have been assigned ten genome types (AA, BB, CC, EE, FF, GG, BBCC, CCDD, HHJJ, and HHKK) (Aggarwal, Brar, & Khush, 1997; Ge, Sang, Lu, & Hong, 1999; Nayar, 1973), representing an enormous gene pool for genetic. Outcrossing is? The union of gametes from genetically different individuals of the same species. Plant Movement During Pollination (3 Ways) Three Paths for Pollen Flow. 1. Within single flower 2. Between flowers on the same sporophyte 3 Mostrando ítems 1-1 de 1 El contenido de este sitio está bajo una licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento - No Comercial - Sin Obra Derivada (by-nc-nd), salvo que se indique lo contrario. Universitat Politècnica de València
Outcrossing rate and genetic structure and diversity in this species were examined along a climatic gradient in the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico) in order to understand the effects of environmental heterogeneity -isolation by environment (IBE) - as well as correlation in herkogamy on genetic structure, diversity, and demographic history in this species Since outcrossing rates were not reduced when birds were excluded, we infer that insects are effective agents of cross pollination in P. caffra. This helps to explain the evolution of traits associated with insect pollination, such as fruity floral scent, in this species Genetic cluster analysis implemented in InStruct v. 1.0 (Gao et al. 2007) for selfing Z. corallinum and STRUCTURE v. 2.1 (Pritchard et al. 2000) for outcrossing Z. nudicarpum, respectively, were used to infer the number of genetic units within metapopulations .: Wahrscheinlich ist das Auftreten von PKD dadurch bedingt, dass nach wie vor Auskreuzungen erlaubt sind.: Even the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) describes the risk of outcrossing as high (source: EFSA Journal, (2007) 588, 1-25).: Sogar die Europäische Behörde für Lebensmit-telsicherheit. In contrast, a weaker genetic structure was apparent in subpopulations of outcrossing Z. nudicarpum most likely caused by extensive pollen movement. Our study shows that high genetic variation can be maintained within metapopulations of selfing Zingiber species, due to increased genetic differentiation intensified primarily by the stochastic force of genetic drift among subpopulations
Outcrossing is the breeding of two unrelated dogs within the same breed. Dog breeders outcross their bloodline's dogs in order to bring valued characteristics from another breeder's bloodline. Outcrossing dogs also increases the over bloodline's gene pool and genetic diversity.. Definition of Outcrossing in Dog breedin Contextual translation of outcrossing into French. Human translations with examples: croisement Introduction. The evolution of self‐fertilization from obligate outcrossing enforced by self‐incompatibility has occurred on numerous occasions among herbaceous angiosperms (Stebbins, 1974; Igic et al., 2006).Two principal selective forces are most often invoked to explain this transition (Busch & Delph, 2012): reproductive assurance due to unsatisfactory pollinator service and/or a. . Author information: (1)Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA. The population outcrossing rate (t) and adult inbreeding coefficient (F) are key parameters in mating system evolution. The magnitude of.
patch Significado, definición, qué es patch: 1. a small area that is different in some way from the area that surrounds it: 2. a local area. Aprender más 2.1 Consequences of Breeding Systems on Population Genetics Parameters. Sex involves an alternation of syngamy and meiosis. In outcrossing sexual species, random mating allows alleles to spread across populations, while segregation and recombination (here in the sense of crossing-over) associated with meiosis generate new genotypic and haplotypic combinations Cowboy Way Ranch and Horse Training. 5,885 likes · 15 talking about this. Horse Training, Riding Lessons, Horsemanship, Natural Showmanship, Horse Sales, Western.
9 páginas, 1 figura, 1 tabla. We are grateful to J.A. Bellido, P. García-Fayos, G. Gleiser, and R. M. López for assistance in the field and laboratory, the Parque Natural del Carrascal de la Font Roja for permission to conduct work on its land, R. Nielsen and J. Signorovitch for assistance with PATRI analyses, and S. Otto and two anonymous referees for helpful comments on the manuscript Septobasidium es un género de hongos en la familia Septobasidiaceae del filo Basidiomycota.  El género contiene unas 175 especies.  Las especies de Septobasidium son entomopatógenos.. Descripción. Las especies de Septobasidium se caracterizan por desarrollarse en la cara inferior de ramas y hojas de árboles de hojas caducas, arbustos y tienen una asociación simbiótica con insectos. Two breeding lines with Virginia botanical types averaged almost 1.5% outcrossing, and in 1990 more than 3% of the progeny from these lines were the result of outcrossing. The breeding line Valencia 803 averaged nearly 8% outcrossing, and a second Valencia type, F623, averaged over 4% Principal Translations: Spanish: English: mestizaje nm nombre masculino: Sustantivo de género exclusivamente masculino, que lleva los artículos el o un en singular, y los o unos en plural. Exemplos: el televisor, un piso. (mezcla de razas) (humans) miscegenation n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. (animals, plants)crossbreeding, interbreeding n noun: Refers to person, place. Determination of the outcrossing rate of Phaseolus vulgaris L. using seed protein markers J.J. Ferreira 1 , E. Alvarez 2 , M.A. Fueyo 1 ,A.Roca 2 & R. Giraldez
1. Nature. 2009 Nov 19;462(7271):350-2. doi: 10.1038/nature08496. Epub 2009 Oct 21. Mutation load and rapid adaptation favour outcrossing over self-fertilization. Morran LT(1), Parmenter MD, Phillips PC. Author information: (1)Center for Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, 5289 University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403-5289, USA ﬁeld 1 and of very compact panicles in ﬁeld 2. The distribution of outcrossing rate among progeny families showed that 30% of them were completely self-fertilized but some families showed substantial outcrossing. These results are at odds with the very low genetic differentiation observed previously among Moroccan landraces and sugges Out-crossing or out-breeding is the technique of crossing between different breeds with no common ancestors. This is the practice of introducing unrelated genetic material into a breeding line. It increases genetic diversity, thus reducing the probability of an individual being subject to disease or genetic abnormalities Outcrossing rate is an important determinant of cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) breeding and hybrid seed production for heterosis in soybean. Parental
Caraway (Carum carvi) is an economically important spice and medicinal plant of the Apiaceae family (syn. Umbelliferrae). Farmers often favor annual cultivation of caraway. However, the annual varieties, which are currently available, do not provide satisfying seed yields. Employing heterosis can be a promising approach to increase yield. Breeding of synthetic varieties utilizes heterosis and. Outcrossing or outbreeding is the practice of introducing unrelated genetic material into a breeding line. It increases genetic diversity, thus reducing the probability of an individual being subject to disease or reducing genetic abnormalities
Register now for Outcrossing in Plant Breeding *Or enroll in all 3 plant breeding modules for a special price of $750! Upon registration and payment of module, learners will be emailed instructions on how to access the module (account creation/, enrollment key, etc.). Course Requirements & Materials Timing for outcrossing para 65,98 €. ¡Compre ahora
Self-incompatibility (SI) is a general name for several genetic mechanisms in angiosperms, which prevent self-fertilization and thus encourage outcross and allogamy. Hermaphroditic species often exhibit lower degrees of inbreeding depression than outcrossing species, as repeated generations of selfing is thought to purge deleterious alleles from populations. In such instances, outcrossing. dead end Significado, definición, qué es dead end: 1. a road that is closed at one end, and does not lead anywhere: 2. a situation that has no hope. Aprender más Mostrando ítems 1-1 de 1 Artículo Implications of mating system and pollen dispersal indices for management and conservation of the semi-arid species Prosopis flexuosa (Leguminosae) Bessega, Cecilia Fabiana ; Pometti, Carolina Luciana ; Campos, Claudia Monica ; Saidman, Beatriz Ofelia ; Vilardi, Juan Cesar ( Elsevier Science , 2017-06 Accurate QTL mapping in outcrossing species requires software programs which consider genetic features of these populations, such as markers with different segregation patterns and different level of information. Although the available mapping procedures to date allow inferring QTL position and effects, they are mostly not based on multilocus genetic maps outcrossing : German - English translations and synonyms (BEOLINGUS Online dictionary, TU Chemnitz
outcrossing continuation.. Another word for outcross breeding is Hybrid Vigor. This means that outcrossing with give you healthier and stronger specimens. pros and cons Crossbreeding v.s. Straightbreeding The size operation that would use this would be large. The money given t Natural outcrossing of dwarf‐internode castor can well be in the range of 70-90% for the Texas High Plains. Citing Literature. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: 1. Raymond D. Brigham, Castor, Hybridization of Crop Plants, undefined, (235-247), (1980). Wiley Online Library. Volume 7, Issue 4. July-August 1967 On the basis of F IS we calculated the effective outcrossing rate within these groupings, using the formula t = (1 − F IS)/(1 + F IS) . For the natural subpopulation, t = 0.02, indicating a very low rate of outcrossing. For the domesticated subpopulations t is in the range 0.36-0.52
Details of: Details view: Outcrossing. The movement of genes from GM plants into conventional crops or related species in the wild, as well as the mixing of crops derived from conventional seeds with those grown using GM crops, may have an indirect effect on food safety and food security 641 American Journal of Botany 84(5): 641-648. 1997. POLLINATION BIOLOGY AND OUTCROSSING RATES IN HERMAPHRODITIC SCHIEDEA LYDGATEI (CARYOPHYLLACEAE)1 JOANNA K. NORMAN,2 STEPHEN G. WELLER,3 AND ANN K. SAKAI University of California, Irvine, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Irvine, California 9271
A flexible mating system may enable self‐compatible plants to prevent self‐fertilization under certain circumstances. Campanulastrum americanum is a self‐compatible, protandrous herb. Although within‐plant pollen transfer is likely and self pollen can produce a full set of seeds, selfing in natural populations is rare Ruellia nudiflora has shown a high potential to easily invade disturbed areas. Outcrossing rat
I know the ups and downs of both, and I know which way my breeding mentor feels I should go, now i'm just looking for other's opinions on the matter Selection for Outcrossing, Sexual Selection, and the Evolution of Dioecy in Plants. James D. T, and ; Spencer C. H. Barret translation and definition outcrossing (natural), Dictionary English-English online. outcrossing (natural) Example sentences with outcrossing (natural), translation memory. Giga-fren. Specifically, leaf length of developing seedlings increased significantly as a function of outcrossing distance
words created with Outcrossing, words starting with Outcrossing, words start Outcrossing All eyes were on the horse as Mike Haack eased him into the herd at the 1987 National Cutting Horse Association Derby. The sorrel stallion had been seventh at the NCHA Futurity, but that's not the reason he was catching the extra attention. It was because of the way he was bred. Fact was, he was. INTERSPECIFIC COMPETITION FOR POLLINATION LOWERS SEED PRODUCTION AND OUTCROSSING IN MIMULUS RINGENS. John M. Bell. Department of Biological Sciences, P.O. Box 413, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201 USA. Present address: Applied Ecological Services, Inc., 17921 Smith Road, Brodhead, Wisconsin 53520 USA The mangrove killifish ( Kryptolebias marmoratus ) is the only vertebrate known to be capable of self-fertilization. Its gonad is typically an ovotestis that simultaneously produces eggs and sperm, and fertilization is internal. Although most populations of this species consist primarily or exclusively of hermaphroditic individuals, gonochoristic males occur at ≈20% frequency in a natural.
outcrossing definition, meaning, French dictionary, synonym, see also 'out',outardois',outrelois',outremontais', Reverso dictionary, French definition, French vocabular As a starting point for a phylogenetic study of self-incompatibility (SI) in crucifers and to elucidate the genetic basis of transitions between outcrossing and self-fertilizing mating systems in this family, we investigated the SI system of Arabidopsis lyrata . A. lyrata is an outcrossing close relative of the self-fertile A. thaliana and is thought to have diverged from A. thaliana ∼5. Mostrando 1 - 1 resultados de 1 para la búsqueda de 'OUTCROSSING RATE', tiempo de consulta: 0.08s . Ordenar. 1 . artículo Implications of mating system and pollen dispersal indices for management and conservation of the semi-arid species Prosopis flexuosa (Leguminosae) Autores: Bessega, Cecilia Fabiana.